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How Do Electric Vehicles Work?

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Electric Vehicle Information


Unlike gas-powered vehicles, electric vehicles (EVs) do not require internal combustion engines to operate. Outfitted with an electric motor and rechargeable battery pack, EVs move along our roadways without burning up gasoline, without producing harmful exhaust emissions, and making less noise. If you’re thinking about making the switch to 100% electric driving, Crabtree Nissan has detailed information on EVs and how going EV can work for you and your lifestyle.


The basics of electric vehicles


How do electric vehicles work? EVs receive energy from a charging station and store the energy in their batteries. These batteries give power to the motor which moves the wheels. Many electrical parts work together in the background to make this motion happen, but overall EVs have fewer moving parts than conventional gas-powered vehicles. Pretty simple.

white leaf parked at night home charge

From Electricity To Motion

Forget gas - Nissan EVs use electricity stored in rechargeable, high-voltage batteries to power an electric motor. The motor converts this electric energy into mechanical power that moves the wheels and allows the vehicle to operate.

nissan ariya
Plug In, Ride On

Electric vehicle batteries need to be charged with electricity. That electricity is supplied from a power outlet. All you need to do is plug in your EV at home or at a public charging station and let the grid do the rest.1 Soon you’ll be fully charged and ready for the road.2

nissan leaf driving
Creating Energy As You Drive

Every time you step on the brakes, energy is lost in the form of heat. Regenerative brakes can capture that energy and store it in the battery so you can use it to let your EV take you even further. 

Key parts of an electric vehicle


Breaking down the key parts that make up an electric vehicle is essential to understanding how they work. These key components include:

nissan electric infographic

NissanConnect EV Services



You’ll have everything you need to know about your EV’s range and charging available at your fingertips on your compatible phone with NissanConnect EV Services.3 Figure out estimated driving range, find charging stations, set charging reminders, start charging your vehicle, and more all through the NissanConnect app.4

Types of electric vehicles


Different types of electric vehicles provide drivers with a variety of features and varying benefits.

Press the "+" to read about the most common types of EVs:


A battery electric vehicle (BEV) is a zero-tailpipe emission electric vehicle that is powered solely from a battery pack. BEVs do not utilize internal combustion engines or gasoline to operate, so they do not produce harmful tailpipe emissions. These vehicles receive all their energy from Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) that draws electricity from the grid. Nissan ARIYA and Nissan LEAF are both Battery Electric Vehicles. For more information on ARIYA or LEAF, contact Crabtree Nissan.


A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a low-emission vehicle that utilizes a small battery pack to assist an internal combustion engine. These vehicles receive most of their power from gas and cannot be plugged in to charge. Instead, their battery packs are charged through regenerative braking and using a generator connected to the gas engine. Although HEV’s can’t run solely on electric power, they maximize fuel economy by allowing the use of a high efficiency, lower power gasoline engine, running that engine in a more efficient way and only turning it on when necessary.


A plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) features both an electric traction motor and an internal combustion engine, which means they require EVSE charging and gasoline to operate. A PHEV runs on electricity until its battery pack runs out of power, in which case its internal combustion engine turns on and runs on gasoline. 

Nissan Electric Vehicles -  Built to Thrill

Nissan ARIYA


With the performance of a sports car, the versatility of an SUV, and the breakthrough technology of e-4ORCE all-wheel-drive, the Nissan ARIYA is more than an EV, it’s truly a force of wonder.

Gold car driving in snow
white leaf parked at night

Nissan LEAF


Discover the instant acceleration, incredible range, and nimble handling of the all-electric Nissan LEAF – the world’s first mass-produced 100% electric car.

Reserve an Electric Nissan Vehicle 


Simply fill out the form below with your information, along with the EV you'd like to reserve and, a member of our team will be in touch.

Nissan Electric Vehicles

Going 100% Electric Adds Up


Owning a Nissan electric vehicle offers a number of Electric Vehicle Benefits that extend beyond a lower cost of ownership.

No gas, no tailpipe emissions


So forget gas stations and put emissions testing behind you — in the 100% electric Nissan LEAF, they’re truly a thing of the past.

HOV lane access


When the majority of commuters get stuck in stop-and-go traffic, your Nissan electric vehicle could potentially gain you access to HOV and Carpool lanes.

Less maintenance

Spark plugs, timing belts, oil changes – forget about them. With far fewer moving parts than conventional internal combustion engines, there’s less to maintain in a Nissan electric vehicle. Even your brake pads get a break because electric vehicles use the motor to slow down, reducing wear.

Reserve EV - Vehicle Request Form

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1Public charging networks are provided by independent companies, and are not within Nissan’s control. Availability of charging stations not guaranteed.

2Charging time and capacity may vary based on battery temperature. For Level 1 home charging use only a 110-120 volt, 15-amp dedicated outlet for charging. See Customer Disclosure Form for details.

3Feature availability is dependent on vehicle model, trim level, packaging and options. Trial included with vehicle purchase. Compatible connected device and wireless network may be required. Refer to connected device’s owner’s manual for details. Late availability for some features.

4Enrollment, owner consent, personal identification number (PIN), and subscription agreement may be required to receive full suite of features and services. Trial periods (if applicable) begin on the date of vehicle purchase or lease of a new Nissan. Trial periods and feature availability may be subject to change at any time and may be subject to early termination without notice. Required subscriptions may be sold separately for each available feature or service after trial period ends, and may continue until you call service provider to cancel. Installation costs, one-time activation fee, other fees and taxes may apply. Fees and programming subject to change. Feature may be subject to age restrictions in some areas. Subscriptions governed by service provider’s subscription agreement, terms and conditions and privacy statements available at service provider’s website. Text rates or data usage may apply. NissanConnect with WiFi terms and conditions of subscriber agreement apply. Included with vehicle purchase 1 GB or 30 Day Trial on equipped new Nissan vehicles. Once your vehicle has exceeded the coverage parameters of the roadside assistance benefits included with your vehicle purchase, you will be responsible for any charges incurred by obtaining roadside assistance for your vehicle. For complete information concerning warranty coverage, conditions and exclusions, please see your Nissan dealer and read the warranty information booklet.

5ENGAGE e-4ORCE AWD: Preliminary Nissan-estimated combined city/highway driving range up to 205 miles for ENGAGE e-4ORCE AWD. Based on Nissan internal simulation results, subject to EPA confirmation. Actual mileage will vary with trim levels, options, and driving conditions. Use for comparison only. ENGAGE+ e-4ORCE AWD and EVOLVE+ e-4ORCE AWD: Preliminary Nissan-estimated combined city/highway driving range up to 270 miles for ENGAGE+ e-4ORCE AWD and EVOLVE+ e-4ORCE AWD. Based on Nissan internal simulation results, subject to EPA confirmation. Actual mileage will vary with trim levels, options, and driving conditions. Use for comparison only.

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